In 1845 AD the “Gondwana Kingdom” included in British rule the then Capital Kolkata of India by the action of Lord Dalhousie on abolition of “Practice of Adoption” and was named as “Baraghat” against the name proposed “Barahaghat” and officially spoken as “Balaghat” spelt ‘l’ as ‘r’. The hilly areas mostly known as Kanjaighat, Saletekrighat, Baisanghat, Dongrighat, Ramramaghat, Teepagharghat, Kavharghat, Dongriyaghat were covered under this region. “Balaghat” district was formed along with some parts of the Central Provinces of Bhandara, Seoni, and Mandla Districts as was part of Central Province of Nagpur which was Capital for British with two tahsils “Balaghat” and “Baihar”.
The name “Balaghat” was originated because of the more hilly regions in this district. The regions of “Balaghat” district were the concern of Maratha rulers before British. The word “Bala” means “Best” in Marathi Language. The name “Balaghat” was called because the people are “Best People” (Balao) as “Balao ka ghat”
Balaghat District is located in the southern part of Jabalpur Division. It occupies the south eastern portion of the Satpura Range and the upper valley of the Wainganga River. The total area of the district is 9,245 km². Balaghat District is bounded by Mandla District of Madhya Pradesh to the north, Dindori District to the northwest, Rajnandgaon District of Chhattisgarh state to the east, Gondia and Bhandara districts of Maharashtra state to the south, and Seoni District of Madhya Pradesh to the west. The Main language spoken in district is Hindi, Gondi in Baihar & Ukwa, Lodhi in paraswada, Northern parts of Balaghat tehsil and Bharveli, Kalari in Lanji & kirnapur, Pawari in western parts i.e. Waraseoni, Katangi & Lalbarra and Marathi in the southern part of district.
The Wainganga and its tributaries are the most important rivers in the district. The town of Balaghat is situated on the Bank of River Wainganga, which flows north to south through the district and Enters in Balaghat District by Merging with Thanwar river near Nainpur of Mandla District. The Bagh, Nahra and Uskal rivers are tributaries of the Wainganga. The Bawanthadi and Bagh rivers define the boundary with Maharashtra.
The southern part of the Vindhyan Range up to Katangi is called Lower Bhander Range. Beyond this point the escarpment enclosing the land-locked valley of Sirampur and the hill range in continuation is called the Kaimur Range.
Geographically the district is divided into three distinct parts:
The southern lowlands, a slightly undulating plain, comparatively well cultivated and drained by the Wainganga, Bagh, Deo, Ghisri and Son rivers.
The long narrow valley known as the Mau Taluka, lying between the hills and the Wainganga river, and comprising a long, narrow, irregular-shaped lowland tract, intersected by hill ranges and peaks covered with dense jungle, and running generally from north to south.
The lofty plateau, in which is situated the Raigarh Bichhia tract, comprising irregular ranges of hills, broken into numerous valleys, and generally running from east to west. The highest points in the hills of the district are as follows: - Peaks above Lanji, 2300 or 2,500 feet (760 m); Tepagarh hill, about 2,600 ft (790 m).; and Bhainsaghat range, about 3,000 ft (910 m) above the sea. The Banjar, Halon and Jamunia rivers, tributaries of the Narmada, drain a portion of the upper plateau.
About 80% of the manganese production in India comes from Balaghat District. The recently discovered copper deposit at Malanjkhand is regarded as the largest in the country. Bauxite, Kyanite, Marble, Dolomite, Clay and limestone are the other main minerals of the district.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Balaghat one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 24 districts in Madhya Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Visit Gomji-Somji temples in Balaghat which are too near to each other, and hardly these 10 kms far from distance. You can also visit the Jwaladevi temple (twin sister temples), that were located right over the area of Bharveli region. While the Navratri festival is celebrated grandly at this temple and had been dragging attention of thousands of devotees across the state of Madhya Pradesh.
This Gangulpara dam is a most popular dam, which just 13 kms from the Balaghat, and has been attracting people for its amazing size and shape, as well as creating attention of the visitors due to its great panoramic view. The dam is surrounded by the wonderful range of Satpura, and is covered by the thick green vegetation. While during the monsoon seasons, the waterfalls along with the streams, splits out from the mountain range, and thereby creates the special attention of the tourists. The natural beautiful atmosphere of this dam has become the picnic spot of the locales, and the entire village has become the tourist spot
The very well-known 'Rampaili Temple' has been the major tourist attraction, that is established in the center of the city. This temple has become the very long history attached to the temple, and there is a belief that, Lord Rama visited this place and constructed a large Shivlingam with sand! While the beautiful river used to pass the Chenayi via the banks of the temple, and nearby Hanuman Mandir adds additional beauty to the place. Thus, it has become the famous tourist spot, and is a feast to the eyes of the pilgrims who wish to see the idols of Lord Sri Rama and Hanumanji.
This place is another great site to visit, where you will find the decorated beautiful black statue of a woman (built with stone), in a sitting posture holding pot on her head. This spot has become a major tourist attraction is another major tourist spot of the city. This place is visited by the people from all over India and foreign countries in huge numbers, as the elegant structure of the idol has such a magnetic power.
Bajrang Ghat is one among the very popular ghats for adventure lovers, especially for the swimmers as well as for the athletes. Since, several banks are formed, these banks have become a pleasant place for the pilgrims and other tourists who like to swim in waters, and the river water flows in such a way that, it adds beauty as and when it moves, and the shadow or the reflection of the sky and trees in the water seems to look great. And even another ghat that is well-known as 'Jalaj' is formed in the opposite direction of the ghat, which is even another beautiful attraction of the local and tourists.
The Old Ram Mandir is one of the center of attraction of many tourists, and is located at the center of the Balaghat district. From this place, people can visit many places like Kaliputli, which is just 1.2 kms from this temple. While, there is also a New Mandir dedicated to Lord Shri Ram, and this is situated at Hanuman Chowk with a distance of about 2.5 kms. You can move to vegetable market to buy the fruits and vegetables at Gujari, that is too close to the Lord Rama's Old Temple.
Balaghat is among the most wonderful places of Madhya Pradesh, and the major part of the city is surrounded by the beautiful trees as well as vegetation from different sides. The park is famous with the name called ‘Mukki’. Trees such as teak as well as pine, bamboo and other exclusive trees that are well-known by the name 'Saja', and it is globally popular for its very natural animal and plant species. The Kanha National Park is said to be situated very near to the city of Balaghat, and is one of the extremely popular national parks of India and is a home for many wild animals such as the tiger and leopard, the giraffe, as well as the elephant and various migratory national birds.
There are various tourists who arrive regularly from the near and far places to enjoy the nature from a very close distance and be in same tune with natural beauty of the site.
The Fort is said to be established at Lanji Tehsil of Balaghat, which was made by Cultury Rajwansh and is situated in the thick forest area. The Temple as well as fort (statues are of Khajuraho style), is even related with the Gond dynasty. Apart from Lanji temple and fort, travelers can find various temples within the fort with many statues such as the Mahadev, Mahamaya, etc.
Kosmi is said to be the portion of Balaghat district, that is established in Balaghat itself. Thus, the residences as well as the industrial development is still functioning in Balaghat. Though it is Gram Panchayat, it is very important to include Municipal Corporation in the city of Balaghat. While Kishore Kuti is the very well-known residence of Verma Family which is popularly known with their grandfather's name called 'Sheonath Lala Pondiwale'
This Baodi is constructed between 17th and 18th centuries by cutting and wrapping the large rocks through building the decorated pillars. This Baodi has ten pillars over the ground floor, under which, visitors can find the verandahs created for the light decorative rooms. There are two sculptures carved on the entrance door of the Baodi (4 armed Shiva as well as his wife Ambika who holds Sriphal). These are said to be of the 16th century. After the rule of the Haiheya rulers of Balaghat, Hatta moved from the Gonds to the Marathas and thereafter went under Bhonsles. Hence, the art and decors made to the pillars vary in their styles. This Baodi was constructed as a water source, as well as made for the soldiers for the purpose of protecting themselves from enemies, and also to take rest whenever they wish. The records say that, during the reign of Bhonsles, some of the armies of Samantas hide here.
There are no regular flights from other major cities of the country to Balaghat. Nearest airport is Jabalpur Airport.
Balaghat is 145 km away from Jabalpur Airport (JLR), Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh
Balaghat is 132 km away from Sonegaon Airport (NAG), Nagpur, Maharashtra
Balaghat is found over the broad gauge line of Jabalpur-Balaghat, and Balaghat-Gondia of South-Eastern Railway. Railway Stations: Balaghat Junction (BTC), Charegaon (CRN)
Balaghat is extremely connected by road, where the State Highways 11 and 26 are found to be the nearest highways to the Balaghat. You can easily get regular buses and taxis to Balaghat from other major cities of the country.